Mercury Amalgam Removal

Mercury Removal –
The First Step In Detoxification

Practicing Safe Mercury Removal for Over 30 Years

At our Dental Practice at Groton Wellness Center, we offer Mercury Filling Removal. Our mercury amalgam removal program is designed to remove toxic dental material including mercury amalgam and /or other fillings, crowns, or bridges that appear to be biologically incompatible with the patient while keeping the patient comfortable and safe from the toxic by-products generated during the removal process. To read more about amalgam fillings and mercury toxicity, click here.

Material Testing

Biocompatibility testing of dental materials can be performed well in advance of the restorative visit to determine which dental materials are safest or least offensive to the patient’s immune system. There are several ways this testing can be done, please seeMaterials Testing.


This is a clinical test that measures the exposures and excretion abilities of the two main forms of mercury we’re exposed to today: dental and environmental. Using hair, blood and urine samples, this test assesses the level of bio-incompatibility or physiological difficulty each form poses to the patient. This test requires that the patient does not consume seafood or fish for 72 hours (preferably 1 week) before taking the test and that a urine (first morning, midstream) sample is collected within 24 hours of the blood and hair samples. The test kit can be mailed to you so that it can be completed during one of your visits to Groton Wellness. Please be sure to read all the instructions in the kit when it is received. There is a fee for this test kit and itis payable at the time the kit is requested.The patient must make an appointment in advance to come in for the blood draw/hair snip.

Chelation Therapy

Supplementation in the form of channel clearing supplements and/or homeopathics to support heavy metal removal may be recommended prior to amalgam removal. Testing of the patient’s physiological needs is encouraged and performed at the Medical Center.

Chelation is a well-known method used to remove heavy metals and toxins from the body by administering a special chemical compound called a chelate. The chelate finds and forms an attachment to the toxin with one reversible ionic bond. With that bond intact, the toxin is grabbed, pulled out of the cell and carried from the body. Care must be taken during chelation, however, as the toxin is not neutralized during this process and may attach to other cells on its way out.

We often recommend a chelation protocol as a way to help remove mercury and other toxins from your body.

Oral Chelation agents are the ones most frequently utilized, but intravenous therapies such as IV vitamins and minerals are also often recommended during the chelation process to help maintain nutritional integrity. See Heavy Metal Oral Chelation.

Special Attention

It is recommended that the patient remember to drink copious amounts of water, take appropriate supplements, and eat a diet high in fiber to aid in maintaining open detoxification pathways before and after the dental appointment.

A visit to our massage therapist can be helpful to de-stress after an extended dental visit. See Dental Dream Day.

DO NOT TAKE ANY ORAL VITAMIN C on the day of the dental visit if you will be receiving a local anesthetic. Vitamin C has the ability to drastically reduce the effectiveness of the anesthetic making it necessary to use an extra amount, or to wait extra time before it becomes effective. If desired, please bring vitamin C to the dental visit because if it is taken after the dental visit is completed, it will help dissipate the anesthetic, enabling it to wear off faster.

Special attention will be given to the 7-14-21 day immune cycles when scheduling appointmentsfor mercury/amalgam removal (we don’t follow any special scheduling rules for non-mercury removal).

Intravenous Vitamin C may be administered before (unless patient is receiving an anesthetic), during and/or after the performance of dental work to help neutralize any stress from the dental treatment.

Safe Mercury Amalgam Removal Technique (SMART)

The IAOMT protocol recommendations for amalgam removal are known as the Safe Mercury Amalgam Removal Technique (SMART). Note that SMART is presented as a set of recommendations. Licensed practitioners must exercise their own judgment concerning the specific treatment options to utilize in their practices.

The SMART protocol recommendations include the following measures, which are listed here:

The IAOMT safe amalgam removal protocol recommendations were most recently updated on July 19, 2019. Also, on July 1, 2016, the IAOMT protocol recommendations were officially renamed as the Safe Mercury Amalgam Removal Technique (SMART), and a training course for IAOMT dentists to become certified in SMART was initiated. Our dentists at Groton Wellness are SMART certified.

All dental amalgam restorations contain approximately 50% mercury, and reports and research are consistent that these fillings emit mercury vapors. Scientific research demonstrates that dental mercury amalgam exposes dental professionals, dental staff, dental patients, and/or fetuses to releases of mercury vapor, mercury-containing particulate, and/or other forms of mercury contamination.

Furthermore, mercury vapor is known to be released from dental mercury amalgam fillings at higher rates during brushing, cleaning, clenching of teeth, chewing, etc. and mercury is also known to be released during the placement, replacement, and removal of dental mercury amalgam fillings.

Utilizing the available scientific evidence, the IAOMT has developed extensive safety recommendations for removal of existing dental mercury amalgam fillings, including detailed protective measures that are to be utilized for the procedure. The IAOMT’s recommendations build upon traditional safe amalgam removal techniques such as the use of masks, water irrigation, and high-volume suction by supplementing these conventional strategies with a number of additional protective measures, the need for which have only recently been identified in scientific research.

SMART protocol

• An amalgam separator must be properly installed, utilized, and maintained to collect mercury amalgam waste so that it is not released into the effluent from the dental office.

• Each room where mercury fillings are removed must have adequate filtration in place, which requires a high-volume air filtration system (such as an at source oral aerosol vacuum) capable of removing mercury vapor and amalgam particles generated during the removal of one or more mercury fillings.

• If possible, windows should be opened to reduce the mercury concentration in the air.

• The patient will be given a slurry of charcoal, Chlorella, or similar adsorbent to rinse and swallow before the procedure (unless the patient declines or there are other contraindications making this clinically inappropriate).

Protective gowns and covers for the dentist, dental personnel, and the patient must be in place. All present in the room must be protected because substantial quantities of particles generated during the procedure will elude collection by suction devices. It has been demonstrated that these particles can be spread from the patient’s mouth to the hands, arms, face, chest and other parts of the dental worker’s and patient’s anatomy.

Non-latex Nitrile gloves must be utilized by the dentist and all dental personnel in the room.

Face shields and hair/head coverings are to be utilized by the dentist and all dental personnel in the room.

• Either a properly-sealed, respiratory grade mask rated to capture mercury or a positive pressure, properly-sealed mask providing air or oxygen must be worn by the dentist and all dental personnel in the room.

• In order to protect the patient’s skin and clothing, a full body, impermeable barrier, as well as a full head/face/neck barrier under/around the dam, need to be utilized.

External air or oxygen delivered via a nasal mask for the patient also needs to be utilized to assure the patient does not inhale any mercury vapor or amalgam particulate during the procedure. A nasal Cannula is an acceptable alternative for this purpose as long as the patient’s nose is completely covered with an impermeable barrier.

A dental dam that is made with non-latex Nitrile material must be placed and properly sealed in the patient’s mouth.

A saliva ejector must be placed under the dental dam to reduce mercury exposure to the patient.

• During amalgam filling removal, the dentist must utilize an at source oral aerosol vacuum in close proximity to the operating field (i.e., two to four inches from the patient’s mouth) to mitigate mercury exposure.

High speed evacuation produces better capture when fitted with a Clean Up device, which is not mandatory but is preferred.

Copious amounts of water to reduce heat and a conventional high-speed
evacuation device to capture mercury discharges are required to reduce
ambient mercury levels.

• The amalgam needs to be sectioned into chunks and removed in as large of pieces as possible, using a small diameter carbide drill.

• Once the removal process is complete, the patient’s mouth should be thoroughly flushed with water and then rinsed out with a slurry of charcoal, Chlorella or similar adsorbent.

• Dentists must comply with federal, state, and local regulations addressing the proper handling, cleaning, and/or disposal of mercury-contaminated components, clothing, equipment, surfaces of the room, and flooring in the dental office.

• During the opening and maintenance of suction traps in operatories or on the main suction unit, dental staff should utilize the appropriate personal protection equipment described above.

It is important to note that as a safety precaution, the IAOMT does not recommend amalgam filling removal for women who are pregnant or breast-feeding and that the IAOMT does not recommend that dental personnel who are pregnant or breast-feeding conduct work that disrupts amalgam fillings (including their removal).

To learn more about SMART and to see videos of SMART being applied in practice, visit To learn the facts about dental mercury from the IAOMT, visit:

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